Assignment: Register File

Assigned:
Wednesday, Sep 20, 2017
Due:
Friday, Sep 29, 2017 (by 5pm)
Collaboration:
Complete this assignment individually. You may ask the mentors or instructor for assistance if anything is unclear, but please do not collaborate with your classmates on this assignment.
Submitting:
Please submit this work to me by email at curtsinger@grinnell.edu. Please use the subject [CSC 211] Assignment: Register File.

Overview

In this assignment, you will build a register file with four 4-bit registers. This register file will reapper along with your ALU from the previous assignment later in the semester when we construct an entire processor datapath in Logisim.

Getting Started

Download the starter file registers.circ and complete all of your implementation in this file.

Please do not move or rename any input and output pins in the starter file—this makes it difficult for us to test your implementation.

What to turn in

Please submit your work via email with the subject [CSC 211.01] Assignment: Register File 5. You should attach the file registers.circ containing your implementation for both problems.

Problem 1: A 4-bit register

In the subcircuit called 4-bit register, build a four-bit register from four D flip-flops. Use Logisim’s build-in D flip-flop components, which are available in the explorer pane’s “Memory” category. Your four bit register must have the following inputs and outputs:

output (4 bits)
The four bits currently stored in the register
data (4 bits)
The four bits that should be stored in the register
write_enable (1 bit)
When true, the value on the data input should be written to the register on a falling clock edge.
clock (1 bit)
The clock input

Writing to the register should be controlled by the clock signal with write_enable connected to the flip-flop’s “Enable” pin en (on the bottom of the flip-flop). The value from data should be stored on the falling clock edge, only when write_enable is high. Logisim defaults to rising-edge flip-flops, so you will need to change this in the flip-flop’s attribute panel.

Problem 2: A 4x4 register file

In the subcircuit 4x4 register, build a register file consisting of four 4-bit registers. The register file has the following inputs and outputs:

data (4 bits)
The values to store in the register specified by the write index
output (4 bits)
The values stored in the register specified by the read index
read (2 bits)
The index of the register to display on output
write (2 bits)
The index of the register that should be written when write_enable is set
write_enable (1 bit)
A control line to determine whether the value on data should be written to the register specified by the write index.
clock (1 bit)
The clock signal

Acknowledgements

This assignment, written in collaboration with Jerod Weinman, is derived from work by Janet Davis and is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.